Integrated Soldier System Project
ISCP - Integrated Soldier Combat Pack (Block I)
Canada's desire for a Soldier Systems dates back to November 1988 and closely follows efforts in many NATO countries. The first research effort, called Integrated Protective Clothing and Equipment (IPCE) Technology Demonstration was initiated in 1995 but then was cancelled, due to high systems cost and failure to meet the majority of the requirements. Ongoing operations in the mid 1990s, lead to the creation of the Clothe the Soldier (CTS) Project which directly addressed the NATO Soldier System Capability areas of Survivability and Sustainability. The Canadian Disruptive Pattern was a part of ongoing research and implemented during the Clothe Soldier Project (CTS).
The ISSP renamed from IPCE, is intended to provide the soldier with an integrated suite of equipment that may include weapons and electronic devices. The $310 million dollars project program would provide the Canadian Forces new equipment not only to allow troops to track each other as they move throughout the battlefield, but feed communication and targeting information into their Battle Management Command and Control Communication Computer and Information (BMC4I). The project is expected to unfold over the next 10 years. The Department of National Defence as confirmed about 17,000 integrated soldier systems would be bought by 2011. ISSP will address the remaining NATO Soldier System capabilities of Lethality, Mobility and C4I while balancing the baseline needs.Small Arms Replacement Project
In October 2007, Department of National Defence approved the Identification of the Small Arms Replacement Project II (SARP II). The SARP II will deliver a modern networked integrated direct fire, multi-effect, portable anti-personnel and anti-material capability that includes weapons, fire control, munitions, training systems and logistic support. The cost for SARP II exceeds $1 Billion for the 2012-2022 period. A dual weapon combining a grenade launcher and an assault rifle, complete with a targeting computer, is currently being studied for potential developement. In 2012 the SARP-II Program led to the Diemaco C19 program for the assault rifle, and the C24 SAW to replace the C9. The C30 electronic sight has established itself as the fire control portion of the system. The ISCP pack addresses the targetting computer as well as systems control portion. RFI's are still on for anti-material weapons.ISCP INTEGRATED SOLDIER COMBAT PACK
This is the second evolution of the ISSP and the final service version. Earlier ISSP packs will be upgraded to this standard. The new system particularly focuses on the infantry squad in combination with its transport vehicle, which will function as "mother ship" providing the squad with network centric capabilities. The vehicle has all weapons and equipment on board so that the necessary elements can be selected from the modular system. The vehicle also provides the squad with power supply and allows data transmission. It has been heavily modified with new components for better performance and re-engineered for optimal strenght and characteristics. The NavICom C4I system provides the soldier with secure communications and continuously updated situation awareness. The digital moving map display system shows the soldier's own position, the position of his comrades, the position of minefields and other danger zones, target and target course, target coordinates and the enemy situation. The current situation data is received from higher levels of command as well as a Peer-to-Peer mesh network between soldiers. Digital voice and data radio communications instantly provide the soldier with commands and reconnaissance data.
Features of the system includes
* Providing communications and command and control at the soldier level;
* Integrating small arms with high-tech equipment;
* View the individual soldier as a system rather than as a segment of a larger force.
* Provide different variants for low level commanders, Assaulter's and supporters
* providing dismounted soldier combat identification for enroute situational awareness and power recharge to reduce 'friendly fire' incidents
* Commander's Digital Assistant leader planning tool
* weight and power-usage reduction
* enhanced strength, temperature and weather resistance, cold-resistant batteries
* scalability and tailorability for operational missionsWeapon
The original system was built around the C7 rifle or C8 carbine, both with modular rail mounts to allow customization as needed for each mission. It included the weapon itself, plus components such as a daylight video sight, thermal weapons sight and MFL (Multi-Function Laser). The MFL provided range and direction information, as well as IR, visible, and MILES lasers, while the cameras provided a video feed and thermographic capabilities, plus allowing a soldier to shoot around corners or behind cover without actually exposing himself to enemy fire. This is highly effective for confirming kills without exposing one's position.
IWCS Infantry Weapon Computer System accommodates a man-machine interface, a second grip and a C30 digital sight. The sight is equipped with a day imager and a night imager (the infantryman’s sight will be light intensifying, and one soldier per squad will have a thermal sight uncooled IR, a restitution eyepiece, a clear sight for instinctive shooting. The sight has an integrated video camera that transmits received images to the system. A wire connection links the weapon to the system.
The Minimi/C9 and FN-Mag/C6 sight uses similar technology to the C30 IR sight.
The C98 precision rifle sight is based on the use of uncooled infrared sensors, combined with adapted magnifying optics.
The C112 Multi-use Bayonet is the new Canadian combat knife. it is a Tanto-style weapon with an internal hermetical storage compartment. The laser-cut blade is 17.2 cm (6.77 in) long and made of stainless steel. The knob is ergonomically shaped to be used ambidextrously and is made of polyamide. The entire knife weighs approximately 320 grams (11.2 oz) and is balanced. It is fitted with a bayonet lug and a strengthening rib for fitting to C7 weapons and use in CQB. As standard inside the hermetical compartment contains fishing hooks, thread, needles, waterproof strike-anywhere matches, a few buttons and the compartment's cap has a small compass.Helmet
The helmet is composed of three components: head protection, communication headset and optronic equipment. The ballistic shell optimises protection and load-bearing ergonomics (weight distribution). It can accommodate various items required for the mission (facial protection screens) and its shape is compatible with all firing positions of the weapons used.
A lightweight, integrated protective shield protects the infantryman from various threats (wind, rain, dust, UV). Non-linear earplugs afford auditory protection. The NBC mask can be equipped with a filter cartridge or linked to the ventilation power-pack. A tube built into the NBC mask can be used to take in liquids (water, food). The communication headset is linked to the radio. It holds the microphone and earpiece and works by bone vibrations (bone conduction transducer). It works independently from the helmet and can therefore remain in operation when the helmet is removed. The new lightweight helmet provides ballistic protection and is fitted with EBCMOS optronic system with light intensifying camera.
The optronic equipment is composed of mission interface overshell integrating the optronics, head camera (EBCMOS light intensification technology), image display units (OLED technology) allowing data and icons transmitted on the bus system to be displayed, images and video coming from the weapon or the head camera. The image display unit is fixed to the helmet: its screen can be brought into line with infantryman's eye. The helmet has two LED displays, each 3cm². When not in use, it can be folded away so as not to hinder the soldier.A vibrating speaker provide good voice communications even in a noisy battlefield environment. Camouflage
The ISCP will use any variant of Canadian forces disruptive patterns, including CADPAT and CUEPAT. CNDPAT, a marine environment pattern, and CDDPAT, a desertic environment pattern, are under development.Armor and Clothing
Basic combat clothing has a full cut allowing free movement. Bellows pockets provide ample carrying capacity. The material (fabric) offers good mechanical properties but still allows good air permeability. The fibres (aramid/viscose FR) are flame- and wash-resistant.
The flak jacket accommodates:
* Flexible fragmentation/ballistic protection
* Hard ballistic protection (SIC: Level4++ Chest all-around)
* Electronic jacket
* Load-bearing structure.
* Additional Body armor pieces (groin, knees, shoulders, ect)
The electronic jacket integrates the electronics (computer unit, manager unit, radio, man-machine interface, GPS, cables and connector), flexible water bottle, magazines and grenades, and optimises weight distribution on the soldier. The equipment is autonomous and can be used alone. The NRBC combat clothing is similar to permanent combat clothing. It is designed to allow combat phases to be carried out with the same efficiency as that achieved with conventional combat clothing.ISSEPS
ISSEPS program will present the CF with a hardened service-capable full-body armor, program is under development with the collaboration of freelance inventor Troy Hurtubise. The ministry has been authorized to issue Mr. Hurtubise a one million dollar grant over the period of one year for the establishment of a modern research and development capacity, under the supervision of DND.
(Result of project will appear under new post)Computer and Software
Designed to utilise all the electronic resources found on the electronic jacket (computer, energy manager, peripheral equipment interfaces, user interfaces), The system is built around a MIL-STD USB 2.0 digital data bus. This choice of open broadband digital data bus and extensive connectivity gives the portable electronic platform, and hence the system, strong interoperability. It is by design a wearable computer built to intense use standards. It is powered by a variant of the Linux operating system and has a modular, open architecture for further improvement. The software suite contains eight main software packages for weapon sights and for data collection, including one for encryption. As on other kinds of digital devices containing sensitive information, there is a "deadman's switch" that consists of two buttons in two different places that must be pushed a certain way for a lenght of time, after wich the entire memory of the unit will corrupt and recorrupt itself before deleting everything; thus denying information to an enemy who would wish to use those units. A "wiped" unit can be re-initialised with the right software reinstalling the exploitation system (many gigabytes of it) much like a cellphone. The computer itself is a special low-energy MIL-STD quad-core design with EMP hardening.Navigation and Situational Awareness
The Navigation Subsystem provides positional information, it integrates a GPS receiver and a Dead Reckoning Module (DRM) that maintains accurate location when GPS signal becomes unavailable. In addition, a secondary GLONASS and GALILEO module has been added for additional flexibility in various theaters, as they do cover wide swathes of the world and thus allows a secondary option before falling to the Dead Reckoning Module. The digital moving map display system shows the soldier's own position, the position of his comrades, the position of minefields and other danger zones, target and target course, target co-ordinates and the enemy situation. The current situation data is received from higher levels of command. Digital voice and data radio communications instantly provide the soldier with commands and reconnaissance data. The digital moving map display system shows the soldier's own position, the position of his comrades, the position of minefields and other danger zones, target and target course, target co-ordinates and the enemy situation. The soldier has access to miniature unmanned air vehicles or micro-UAVs and all-terrain unmanned vehicles for safe reconnaissance, for example in urban environments and trenches.Radio
The SIF (Soldier Information Network based off the french Félin information network (RIF)) is a voice and data network that connects the soldier to other infantrymen in the section and to the section commander, who is connected to the Battle Management Command and Control Communication Computer and Information (BMC4I) of the vehicles. Each radio can subscribe to three networks simultaneously. This offers the squad leader flexibility in organising communication networks and special groups in his section. Each network has an audio conference channel, with priority given to the squad leader, an alert channel from the infantryman to his leader, and a data transmission channel. Voice and data transmission is based on tried and tested DECT civilian technology (domestic cordless telephone technology). Connectivity to command networks, tactical internet, ISTAR and secondary assets is assured under the most hardcore conditions.
Each sub-network works from a base carried by the squad leader. As SIF sets are all identical, a soldier can replace his commander if necessary by configuring his set as base. The radio is configured by the SIF computer (software-defined radio), thereby limiting the number of control buttons needed on the set. It is an integrated, advanced, lightweight weapons system with fire control software and hardware that is optimized for urban combat. The infantryman is able to synchronize direct and indirect fires from artillery and other networked platforms. Extensive use is made of digital encryption, data bursts and frequency hopping to make the radio as hard to jam, find with DF and eavesdrop as possible. The Microphone of the radio is based on the proven LASH throat-microphone wich works on sensing the vibrations on the wearer's throat and provides clear communications in the loudest conditions or even underwater.Specific systemsDismounted soldier’s Terminal Information System (TIS)
The TIS is made up of software supported by the computer, a man-machine interface and a communication interface box connected to a PRG8 frequency-hopping portable radio set.Multipurpose infrared binoculars
JIM MR combines uncooled thermal imaging channel, eye-safe laser rangefinder and a digital magnetic compass for the squad leader.Transport/Carrying Case
The weapon and subsidiary systems are transported and stored in a Storm iM3220 plastic molded carry case with foam cut-outs designed for each part. The case is manufactured by Pelican Products.Collective systemsCollective recharging unit
Used to recharge the soldiers’ individual batteries. It uses aluminum-air metal-air fuel cells.Vehicle kits
All new CF vehicles will have Battle Management Command and Control Communication Computer and Information (BMC4I). It is integrated with the ISCP and allows true linking of forces, as well as providing power supply to mounted infantry. Older active-duty vehicles not due for retirement soon will be retrofitted.Deployment and CostFinal Tests
: 1Q 2014IOC
: 3Q 2014Production Cost per Unit
: $22,000 (Block I)