2012-2015: Summary of Occurrences
Politically the rule of the nation was rarely threatened throughout the years since 2012, in the 2013 Presidential election Emomali Rahmon was safely elected for yet another tem which under the present constitution should be his last. In the 2015 General Election the National Democratic Party continued their dominance securing 55/65 seats in the Assembly of Representatives and thirty of the National Assembly seats. In opposition the ten lower house seats were divided with eight going to the Communist Party who increased their standing back to dominant opposition figures and two to the Islamic Renaissance Party who maintained their seats despite a slight reduction in votes. In the upper house three opposition seats went to independents with two to the Communists increasing their overall caucus to ten, one of which was Ismoil Talbakov the de facto party leader.
Economically the dominance of cotton and aluminium products remained high and the nation was impacted by reduced requirements from nations such as China hit but the reduced demand placed on them by the United States. Prime export partners Turkey and the Netherlands however grew strongly allowing such sustainability, continued stability in Iran another key partner was also essential. Other businesses were however able to develop boosted by the large scale return of previous expatriates fleeing violence in both Uzbekistan and Afghanistan who brought with them a variety of skills and trades useful to the Tajikistani economy.
Agriculture, still in predominantly public ownership, held strong and was boosted by additional requirements from Uzbekistan where continued violence had caused disruptions in their food supply. For similar reasons electricity exports were also high. The electricity was supplied through the vastly expanded network of hydropower plants funded through Iranian, Chinese and Russian investment, domestic energy was additionally supplemented by coal and natural gas.
Efforts to restart core industries were limited and factories maintain themselves at a limited capacity although domestic production of many basic goods such as clothing, bedding and furniture is now well under way reducing the reliance on China.
Overall the economic outlook was fairly good and the nation grew out of its 2008 slump allowing the Government to resume the development of infrastructure projects across the nation and to maintain a strong budget surplus.
In terms of foreign policy the strains in Uzbekistan and the removal of ISAF in Afghanistan posed the main threats leading to the decision to make widespread military upgrades and reforms better equipping the Army and Air Force to defend those two key border zones, the decision to make these expenditures was proven accurate when both neighbours descended into virtual civil war.