Khartoum - Q3 - 2015
Summary to the Present
As a summary to the present date, from the previous news entry (Q1 2014):
- Army announces plans for fresh elections in three months time, as well as a plan for a proper constitutional convention to be drafted three months post-elections.
- Violence rocks several major cities as Army struggles to maintain control against local warlords.
- National Islamic Front announces its intentions to stand as a separate political party - different from its traditional political wing in the National Congress.
- Hassan al-Turabi; the leader of the NIF since its inception announces his intentions to stand for the Presidency.
- National Congress spends several weeks deciding on candidates for the Presidency, eventually asks formerly overthrown Prime Minister Sadiq al-Mahdi to stand. Al-Mahdi accepts.
- The main election campaigns step up as violence attacks several constituencies. One terror attack kills two candidates in the North of the Country.
- Election polling puts the NIF and NC essentially tied at about 40-42% of the polls each.
- al-Turabi and al-Mahdi face off in the first of a series of debates; many analysts agree al-Turabi went on to win the debate.
- Some Army generals call for a withdrawal from Darfur
- In the first round of the Presidential election, al-Turabi secures 46% of the vote to al-Mahdi's 44% of the vote: both proceed to the second round.
- In the second round, al-Turabi wins with 56% of the vote to al-Mahdi's 44%. This concludes the turnaround of Hassan al-Turabi's political fortunes, years after his arrest following al-Niamey's political coup in 1969 which ended the Islamic Charter Front's rule over Sudan. Al-Mahdi continues his downturn in political fortunes, ever since Omar al-Bashir's coup which overthrew him in 1989.
- In the Parliamentary elections, the NIF defeats the NC, capturing a slight majority in Parliament - with 229 seats out of the 450 in the National Assembly. They went on to capture 30 seats in the Council of the States. The NC captured 204 seats in the National Assembly, and a mere 12 seats in the Council of the States.
- The handover of power to the 'civilian' authorities is relatively peaceful - with the Army ceding power to al-Turabi and his party.
- Al-Turabi orders the Army to being to withdraw from Darfur and end its combat operations against the rebels.
- Peace talks are opened with the Darfuri rebels, which the main rebel groups accede to.
- Janjaweed attacks continue, however, in Darfur - something which causes much tension between Sudanese Army forces and rebel forces.
- The Khartoum-Darfur Accords (shortened to KDA) are signed between the rebel and Governmental forces in Khartoum, ending the main struggles between the Army and the Rebels over Darfur. The KDA also set forth a plan to eventually grant Darfur independence from Sudan in early 2017 - until which the states will be referred to as autonomous regions of Sudan with their regional governments.
- Al-Turabi and al-Mahdi repair their decades long struggle against each other, with a plan to 'cooperate' for the betterment of the Sudanese future.
- Al-Mahdi is announced to be the regional governor of Darfur along with a rebel commander as the two Co-Governors of the state.
- The Sudanese Army finishes its combat operations in Darfur, and repositions itself on the border of Darfur, rather than inside of Darfur.
- Regional tensions with South Sudan flare up once again over the disputed regions, as Sudanese forces once again cross the border and seize several oil fields.
- Skirmishing with South Sudanese forces kills dozens of Northern troops, unknown number of Southern troops.
- Sudanese forces pull out of the disputed regions, as high level talks between the North and the South yield in a withdrawal by the North.